We need to install lots of stuff and want the latest stable releases, so we'll use the apt-get package manager to update our server's list of all available software and, while we're about it, we'll upgrade any old installations.
Oh, yeah, and we'll set the language, and the clock.
Update the Software Index & Upgrade Linux
In Edit bashrc File to Simplify Command Line Terminal we'll set up some aliases to shortcut common tasks such as updating the system, and then we can be lazy with memorable single word commands.
This time though, not least so we understand proper Linux theory, we'll keep to old school and use the long hand.
First, we'll get the latest software repository indexes:-
Then, a safe system upgrade:-
So this is a bit like Windows Update. Only it's much, much faster … you needn't take a holiday while it works.
Set System Locale
Type this, replacing the country code as appropriate. Ie, for the UK, swap en_US for en_GB.
At last, we have a lean ‘n mean virtual private Linux machine that is ready to be built into what we want, the fastest darned server in the world wide west.